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The National Assembly for Wales and devolution in Wales: A Bibliography

Since the referendum on devolution in 1997 and the subsequent formation of the National Assembly for Wales in 1999, academics, political commentators, politicians and journalists from Wales and beyond have written about the different aspects of the devolution process and the organisation. They have authored a number of important books, articles and studies offering a wide range of differing opinions on the development of the Assembly and of devolution in Wales as a whole. This bibliography gathers together some of the most important of these works in order to offer a balanced picture of the life of the National Assembly for Wales and devolution in Wales up until the present moment.

It has been divided into sections dealing with different aspects of the development of devolution and the Assembly, and works are listed alphabetically within those subject areas. It is constantly updated with new items being added as they come to our attention or as they are published. A recent additions section outlines any items added within the last month.

We would welcome feedback from academics, commentators and anyone with an interest in devolution in Wales on the content and any suggestions for additions. Any feedback can be sent to us at Library@wales.gov.uk.

 

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Recent additions

History

The White Paper and 1997 Referendum

Early Days

Elections

The Richard Commission and Better Governance

The Convention and Referendum on Further Powers

The Silk Commission and Wales Bill

The National Assembly

Law

Inter-governmental relations

The Policy Context

Funding Devolution

Political Parties

 

 

Recent additions

The following publications have been added this month (September 2014):

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Welsh Government (2014) White Paper: Collection and management of devolved taxes in Wales.

Navarro, Marie (2014) Legislating for Wales 2013: law making for Wales reaches full speed. Contemporary Wales, 27 (1), p195-240.

Cole, M., McAllister, L. and Stirbu, D., (2014) The capacity of the National Assembly for Wales, Cardiff: UK's Changing Union.

Paun, A., Munro, R., Randall, J. and Shaddock, L., (2014) Governing after the referendum: future constitutional scenarios for Scotland and the UK, London: Institute for Government. 

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History

The issue of “Home Rule” in Wales goes back more than a century to when the young David Lloyd George was campaigning as part of the Cymru Fydd movement. The publications below chart the progress toward devolution from the nineteenth century to 1997.

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Davies, Gwilym Prys, (2008) Cynhaeaf hanner canrif: gwleidyddiaeth Gymreig 1945-2005. Llandysul: Gomer.

Deacon, R. M., (2002) The governance of Wales: the Welsh Office and the Policy Process 1964-99. Cardiff: Welsh Academic Press.

Democracy and devolution: proposals for Scotland and Wales 1974 Cm 5732

Devolution: financing the devolved services 1977 Cm 6890

Devolution to Scotland and Wales 1976 Cm 6585

Edwards, A. and Tanner, D. (2006) Defining or dividing the nation? Opinion polls, Welsh identity and devolution, 1966-1979. Contemporary Wales, 18, p54-71.

Evans, John G., (2006) Devolution in Wales: claims and responses 1937-1979. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Foulkes, D., Jones, J.B. & Wilford, R.A., (1983) The Welsh veto: the Wales Act 1978 and the referendum. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Information Commissioner's Office, (2010) Report to Parliament: Freedom of Information act 2000: Ministerial veto on disclosure of the minutes of the Cabinet Sub-Committee on Devolution for Scotland, Wales and the Regions. London: TSO. (pdf)

Jones, J.B., (2000) The road to the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Morgan, Kenneth O., (1980) Wales in British Politics 1868-1922. 3rd ed. Cardiff : Wales University Press.

Morgan, Kenneth O., (1980) Wales: A Nation Again. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

MacKay, R. Ross, (1997) The economic impact of a Welsh Assembly. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Parliament for Wales Campaign, (1997) Power to the people of Wales: Government of Wales Bill 1997. Cardiff: Parliament for Wales Campaign.

Osmond, J., (1992) The democratic challenge. Llandysul: Gwasg Gomer.

Osmond, J., (1994) A parliament for Wales. Llandysul: Gomer.

Osmond, J., (2007) Building the nation: creating 'internal political solidarity'. The 1979, 1997 and 2011 referendums in Wales. (Discussion Papers). Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Osmond, J., Aughey, A. and Bort, B. (2011) Uniques paths to devolution: Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Cardiff: IWA.

Our changing democracy: devolution to Scotland and Wales 1975 Cm 6348

Phillip, A. B., (1975) The Welsh question: nationalism in Welsh politics 1945-1970. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Rowlands, T. (2004) Whitehall's last stand : the establishment of the Welsh Office, 1964, Contemporary Wales, 16, p39-52.

Tanner, D. (2006) Richard Crossman, Harold Wilson and devolution, 1966-70: the making of government policy, Twentieth Century British History, 17 (4), p545-578.

University College London Constitution Unit, (1996) An Assembly for Wales. London: UCL.

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The White Paper and 1997 Referendum

After winning the 1997 General Election, the new Labour Government published the White Paper, A Voice for Wales, which outlined its plans for a National Assembly for Wales and a referendum was held in September 1997. The publications below include analyses of the referendum campaign and the result.

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

A voice for Wales: the Government's proposals for a Welsh Assembly 1997 Cm 3718

Andrews, L., (1999) Wales says yes: the inside story of the “Yes for Wales” referendum campaign. Cardiff: Seren.

Denver, D. (2002) Voting in the 1997 Scottish and Welsh devolution referendums : information, interests and opinions, European Journal of Political Research, 41, p827-844.

McAllister, L. (1998) The Welsh devolution referendum: definitely maybe?, Parliamentary Affairs, 2.McAllister, L. (1999) The road to Cardiff Bay: the process of establishing the National Assembly for Wales, Parliamentary Affairs, 52, p634-648.

National Assembly for Wales, (1999) Preparing for the Assembly: a management strategy. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.

Referendums (Scotland and Wales) Act 1997 (chapter 61)

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Early days

Once the referendum approved the principle of devolution to Wales, the Government of Wales Bill began its progress through Parliament. Changes to the original proposals were made and the Assembly’s early days after its creation in May 1999 saw the new institution “bedding down”. The publications below tell the story of the birth and early days of the Assembly.

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Chaney, P., MacKay, F. and McAllister, L., (2007) Women, politics and constitutional change: the first years of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Elis-Thomas, Dafydd, (1999) A new constitution for Wales?. Cardiff: Welsh Governance Centre.

Institute of Welsh Affairs, (2003) Birth of Welsh democracy: the first term of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: IWA.

Jones, Barry and Balsom, Dennis (eds.), (2000) The road to the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Morgan, Kevin and Mungham, Geoff, (2000) Redesigning democracy: the making of the Welsh Assembly, Bridgend: Seren.

Osmond, J., (1999) Adrift but afloat: the civil service and the National Assembly. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Thomas, A. and Laffin, M. (2001) ‘Wales’ First Constitutional Crisis: The Alun Michael Resignation’, Public Policy and Management, 16, 1 (Spring), p18-31.

Welsh Office, (1998) The National Assembly for Wales: recording of proceedings: a consultation paper by the Welsh Office. Cardiff: Welsh Office.

Welsh Office, (1998) National Assembly for Wales: technical guide to the transfer of functions order: part 1. Cardiff: Welsh Office.

Welsh Office Devolution Unit, (1999) Making the difference in Wales: a guide to the powers of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: Welsh Office.

Welsh Office National Assembly Advisory Group, (1998) National Assembly for Wales: have your say on how it will work: a consultation paper. Cardiff: Welsh Office.

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The Richard Commission and Better Governance

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Better Governance for Wales Cm 6582

Cox, J. (2005) Better governance for Wales, Planet, 173, p91-93.

Economic and Social Research Council, (2004) The report of the Richard commission: an evaluation. Cardiff: ESRC.

Elis-Thomas, D. (2006) Second constitution, Agenda, Summer 2006, p16-18.

Elis-Thomas, D. (2005) From body corporate to parliamentary service, Wales Journal of Law and Policy (4) 1, p7-16.

Institute of Welsh Affairs, (2005) Welsh politics comes of age: response to the Richard commission. Cardiff: IWA.

Institute of Welsh Affairs, (2007) Devolution, a decade on : IWA response to the House of Commons Constitutional Affairs Committee call for evidence. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Institute of Welsh Affairs, (2008) Unpacking the progressive consensus. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Jeffrey, C., (2004) The report of the Richard commission : an evaluation. (Devolution Briefings ; no.12). Birmingham: ESRC Devolution Programme.

Jones, R. W. (2004) Ryff geid comisiwn Richard, Barn, 494, p11-13.

Jones, R.W. (2005) Senedd i Gymru, Barn, 512, p8-13.

Jones, R.W. (2007) Craffu ar y confensiwn, Barn, 539-540, p12-14.

Jones, Richard Wyn, (2008) Ymlaen at refferendwm. Barn, Rhagfyr 2008 / Ionawr 2009, p14-16.

Laffin, M., Thomas, A. and Thomas, I., (2003) Future options : an assessment of the powers of the National Assembly for Wales. Pontypridd: University of Glamorgan.

Mathias, G. (2008) Referendum rules, Agenda, summer 2008, p.12-14.

McAllister, L. (2005) Proving the potential of independent commissions : a critical review of the Richard commission on the powers and electoral arrangements of the National Assembly for Wales, Public Administration, 83 (2), p493-512.

McAllister, L. (2005) The value of independent commissions : an insider's perspective on the Richard commission, Parliamentary Affairs, 58 (1), p38-52.

McAllister, L. (2004) The Richard Commission - Wales's alternative constitutional convention? Contemporary Wales, 17, p128-139.

McAllister, L. and Stirbu, D. (2008) Influence, impact and legacy: asessing the Richard commission's contribution to Wales's evolving constitution, Representation, 44 (3), p.209-224.

National Assembly for Wales Committee on Better Governance for Wales White Paper, (2005) Report on the Better Governance for Wales white paper: September 2005. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.

Rawlings, R., (2004) Say not the struggle naught availeth : the Richard commission and after, (Centre for Welsh Legal Affairs Fifth Annual Lecture). Aberystwyth: Centre for Welsh Legal Affairs.

The Richard commission, (2004) Report of the Richard commission: commission on the powers and electoral arrangements of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: TSO (pdf)

Trench, A., (2005) Better governance for Wales: an analysis of the White Paper on Devolution for Wales. London: The Constitution Unit.

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The Convention and referendum on further powers

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

All Wales Convention, (2009), Report of the All Wales Convention, Cardiff: All Wales Convention.

Bowers, Paul, (2010) Standard note: referendum in Wales: draft orders. London: House of Commons Library.

Bowers, Paul, (2010) Standard note: referendum for Wales: extending the scope of Assembly powers. London: House of Commons Library.

Bowers, Paul, (2011) Referendum in Wales: House of Commons Library Standard Note. London: House of Commons Library.

David, Wayne (2011) Why the case for a 'yes' vote is unanswerable. Bevan Foundation Review, 16, p4-5.

Electoral Commission (2010) Referendum on law-making powers of the National Assembly for Wales: report of the view of the Electoral Commission on the proposed referendum question. Cardiff: Electoral Commission.

Electoral Commission (2011), Referendum on the law-making powers of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: Electoral Commission.

House of Commons Welsh Affairs Select Committee (2010), The proposed amendment of Schedule 7 to the Government of Wales Act 2006: second report of session 2010-11. London: TSO.

House of Commons Library (2011), Political developments in Wales to June 2011. London: House of Commons Library.

Osmond, John (2011) Accelerating history: the 1979, 1997 and 2010 referendums in Wales. Cardiff: IWA.

Roberts, Owain & Thomas, Alys (2010) Steps to a referendum on further powers: updates. Cardiff: Members' Research Service.

Roberts, Owain and Nicholson, Siân (2011) Summary of Assembly Measures approved. Cardiff: Members' Research Service.

Roberts, Owain and Nicholson Siân (2011) The National Assembly for Wales Referendum 2011. Cardiff: Members' Research Service.

Roberts, Owain (2011) Legislative powers of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: Members' Research Service.

Roberts, Owain and Nicholson, Siân (2011) Summary of the legislative powers gained by the National Assembly since 2007. Cardiff: Members' Research Service.

Stirbu, Diana & McAllister, Laura (2011), An exercise in democratic deliberation: the All-Wales Convention's contribution to constitutional change. Contemporary Wales, 24(1) Winter 2011, p64-85.

Wales Bill - Bill 186 2013-14, March 2014

Wales Bill: financial empowerment and accountability 2014 Cm 8838

Wyn Jones, Richard & Scully, Roger, (2012) Wales says yes: devolution and the 2011 Welsh referendum. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

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The Silk Commission and Wales Bill

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Bourne, Nick, (2011) The Silk Commission: devolution's last word, Bevan Foundation Review (18), p32-33.

Bowers, Paul and Webb, Dominic, (2011) Devolution in Wales: the Silk Commission: Commons Library Standard Note, London: House of Commons.

Changing Union Partnership Finance and Funding Working Group, (2012) Wales in a changing union: first submission to the Silk Commission. Cardiff: IWA.

Changing Union Partnership, (2103), A stable, sustainable devolution settlement for Wales: evidence to the Commission on Devolution in Wales, Cardiff: Changing Union

Commission on Devolution in Wales ('The Silk Commission') , (2012) Empowerement and responsibility: financial powers to strengthen Wales: full report (pdf) | executive summary (pdf) Cardiff: Commission on Devolution in Wales.

Commission on Devolution in Wales, (2014) Empowerment and responsibility: legislative powers to strengthen Wales, Cardiff: Commission on Devolution in Wales

Holtham, Gerald, (2011) Wales faces choice between Northern Ireland and Scotland on tax powers. Agenda, Winter 2011, p20-23.

National Assembly for Wales, (2013) Evidence to the Commission on Devolution in Wales, Cardiff: NAfW (pdf)

National Assembly for Wales (2014), Submission to the House of Lords Constitution Committee on the inquiry into Scottish independence: constitutional implications for the rest of the UK, Cardiff: NAW

Osmond, John (2012) Radical tax varying powers recommended for Wales. Agenda, 48, winter 2012. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, John and Upton, Stevie (eds.), (2013), A stable, sustainable devolution settlement for Wales: research papers, Cardiff: Changing Union

Plaid Cymru, (2013) Submission to part II of the Commission on Devolution in Wales, Cardiff: Plaid Cymru (pdf)

Roberts, Owain (2011) The road to the Independent Commission on devolution in Wales: September 2011. Cardiff: Research Service.

Thomas, Alys Dr. (2011) The Silk Commission. Cardiff: Research Service.

UK Government, (2013) UK Government's evidence to the Commission on Devolution in Wales; Part II: The Welsh Devolution Settlement, Cardiff: Wales Office (pdf)

UK Government, (2013) The draft Wales Bill, London: TSO

Wales Office & HM Treasury, (2013) Empowerment and responsibility: devolving financial powers to Wales. London: TSO.

Welsh Affairs Select Committee (2014), Fourth report: Pre-legislative scrutiny of the draft Wales Bill, London: TSO

Welsh Conservatives in the National Assembly for Wales, (2013) Evidence submitted to the Commission on Devolution in Wales, Cardiff: Welsh Conservatives (pdf)

Welsh Government, (2013) Evidence submitted by the Welsh Government to the Commission on Devolution in Wales (pdf) Cardiff: Welsh Government (pdf)

Welsh Liberal Democrats, (2013) Securing home rule: Welsh Liberal Democrat Submission to the Silk Commission, Cardiff: Welsh Liberal Democrats (pdf)

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Elections

There have now been four sets of elections to the National Assembly for Wales. The publications below include analyses of results but also of issues such as candidate selection.

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Bevan Foundation, (2006) Public attitudes to dual candidacy in elections to the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: Bevan Foundation.

Bradbury, J., Bennie, L., Denver, D. and Mitchell, J. (2000) Devolution, Parties and New Politics: Candidate Selection for the 1999 National Assembly Elections, Contemporary Wales, 13.

Bradbury, J. (2007) Constituency representation in Wales : the roles, relationships and regulation of Members of Parliament and the National Assembly, Contemporary Wales, 19 (1), p77-95.

Bradbury, J. and Mitchell, J. (2007) The constituency work of members of the Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales : approaches, relationships and rules, Regional and Federal Studies, 17 (1), p117-145.

Curtice, J. (2006) Forecasting and evaluating the consequences of electoral change : Scotland and Wales, Acta Politica, 41 (3), p300-314.

Edwards, J. and Chapman, C. (2000) Women’s Political Representation in Wales: Waving or Drowning?, Contemporary Politics, 6 (4).

Electoral Commission, (2006) Wales - poll position: public attitudes towards Assembly elections. London: Electoral Commission.

Electoral Commission, (2007) The National Assembly for Wales elections 2007. London: Electoral Commission.

Electoral Commission, (2002) Wales votes?: public attitudes towards Assembly elections: research report December 2002. London: Electoral Commission.

Electoral Commission, (2003) The National Assembly for Wales elections 2003: the official report and results. London: Electoral Commission.

Electoral Commission, (2008) Accounting for elections: The National Assembly for Wales Elections 2007: March 2008. London: Electoral Commission.

A green paper on future electoral arrangements for the National Assembly for Wales 2012 Cm 8357.

Hill Darran, (2011) The results that woke us up. Bevan Foundation Review, 17, p4-5.

Hollingsworth, K. (2000) The regional committees of the National Assembly for Wales : searching for a role?, Wales Law Journal, 1, p372-386.

Ingram, R. (2003) First or second order? Will the Scottish and Welsh elections deliver devolution?, British Elections and Parties Review, 13, p107-133.

Jones, B. (1999) The first Welsh National Assembly election, Government & Opposition, 34 (3), p323.

Jones, R. W. and Scully, R. (2003) A 'settling will'? Public attitudes to devolution in Wales, British Elections and Parties Review, 13, p86-106.

Jones, R. W. and Scully, R. (2006) Devolution and electoral politics in Scotland and Wales, Publius, 36 (1), p115-134.

MacKay, F. (2004) Women's representation in Wales and Scotland, Contemporary Wales, 2004, p140-161.

McAllister, L. (2000) Changing the landscape: the wider political lessons from the elections in Wales, Political Quarterly, 71 (2), p.211-222.

McAllister, L. (2004) Steady state or second order? The 2003 elections to the National Assembly for Wales, Political Quarterly, 75 (1), p73-82.

McAllister, L. (2004) Steady state or second order? The 2003 elections to the National Assembly for Wales, Political Quarterly, 75 (1), p73-82.

McAllister, Laura (2012) The 2011 Welsh general election: an analysis of the latest staging post in the maturing of Welsh politics. Parliamentary Affairs, 65, 3.

National Assembly for Wales: Research Service, (2011) 2011 Assembly Election Results. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.

Osmond, J. (2007) The watershed election, Planet, 183, p18-23.

Patchett, K., (2002) Issues and methodology : observations by the Institute of Welsh Affairs to the Commission on the Powers and Electoral Arrangements of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Scully, R. (2004) Business as usual? Comparing Westminster and National Assembly elections in Wales, Contemporary Wales, 16, p75-82.

Scully, Roger (2011), The best and worst of times. Agenda, Winter 2011, p33-34.

Scully, R., Jones R. W. and Trystan, D. (2004) Turnout, participation and legitimacy in post-devolution Wales, British Journal of Political Science, 34 (3), p519-538.

Scully, R. and Elias, A. (2008), The 2007 Welsh Assembly Election, Regional and Federal Studies, 18 (1), p.103-109.

Taylor, G. (2003) Hugs and tears : the Assembly election results, Planet, 159, p13-18.

Trystan, D., Scully, R. and Jones, R. W. (2003) Explaining the 'quiet earthquake' : voting behaviour in the first election to the National Assembly for Wales, Electoral Studies, 22, p635-650.

Thomas, J., Cushion, S. and Jewell, J. (2004) Stirring up apathy? Political disengagement and the media in the 2003 Welsh Assembly elections, Journal of Public Affairs, 4 (4), p355-363.

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Political Parties

Devolution provided a challenge for political parties to adapt to a new level of governance. The publications below deal with aspects of the way in which parties have strived to meet this challenge.

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Andrews, Jonathan & Bradbury, Rhys (2010) State devolution and national identity: continuity and change in the politics of Welshness and Britishness in Wales, Parliamentary Affairs, 63, 2, p229.

Betts, C. (2007) Y genhedlaeth nesaf, Barn, 533, p17-19

Bratberg, Oivind (2010) Multi-level parties in process: Scottish and Welsh MEPs and their home parties. West European Politics, 33 (4), p851-869

Davies, Nick & Williams, Darren, (2009), Clear red water: Welsh devolution and socialist politics. Cardiff: Francis Boutle.

Griffiths, I. (2004) The Wales Green Party and the National Assembly for Wales elections 2003, Environmental Politics, 13 (2), p461-466.

Laffin, M., G. Taylor and A. Thomas (2004) Devolution and Party Organisation: The Case of the Wales Labour Party, Contemporary Wales, 16 (4).

Laffin, M., Shaw, E. and Taylor, G., (2005), The Labour Party and devolution. (Devolution Briefings ; no.14). Birmingham: ESRC Devolution Programme.

Laffin, M. ...[et al.] (2007) The new sub-national politics of the British Labour party, Party Politics, 13 (1), p88-108.

Laffin, M. and Shaw, E. (2007) British devolution and the Labour Party : how a national party adapts to devolution, The British Journal of Politics & International Relations, 9 (1), p55-72.

Lynch, P., (2004) Saving the Union: Conservatives and the 'Celtic Fringe', Political Quarterly, 75 (4), p386-391.

McAllister, L., (2001) The National Assembly elections: Plaid Cymru's coming of age, Contemporary Wales, 14, p109-114.

McAllister, L, (2000) The new politics in Wales: rhetoric or reality?, Parliamentary Affairs, 53 (3), p.591-604.

Morgan, R., Bourne, N., Williams, K. and Price, A. (2008) Politics in 21st century Wales. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

National Assembly for Wales Standards of Conduct Committee, (2103) Report 03-13 to the Assembly on Lobbying and Cross-Party Groups, Cardiff: NAW.

Osmond, J., (2007) Crossing the rubicon: coalition politics Welsh style. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs, 2007.

Osmond, J. (2008) Ending sovereignty's denial. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs, 2008.

Owusu Fofie, F. (2008) Decade into UK Devolution, nationalists on the win? Midwestern Political Science Association Conference papers, p1.

Parties and party systems: realignment or readjustment?, Parliamentary Affairs, 57 (2), p396-407.

Taylor, G., (2003) ‘Labour’ in John Osmond and J. Barry Jones (ed) Birth of Welsh Democracy: The First term of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: IWA/WGC.

Thomas, A., (2003) ‘Liberal Democrats’ in John Osmond and J. Barry Jones (ed) Birth of Welsh Democracy: The First Term of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: IWA/WGC.

 

 

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The National Assembly

The Assembly, the way it works and its constitution has evolved since 1999 with a number of step changes along the way, most notably its separation from the Welsh Assembly Government in 2007 and obtaining new legislative powers. The publications below show the way in which the Assembly has and is developing as a legislature, and have been arranged under sub-headings to reflect the subject area of the work.

 

Devolution and the Assembly

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Andrews, Jonathan & Bradbury, Rhys (2010) State devolution and national identity: continuity and change in the politics of Welshness and Britishness in Wales, Parliamentary Affairs, 63, 2, p229.

Ashworth, R. E., Boyne, G. A. and Walker, R. M. (2001) Reducing the democratic deficit? Devolution and the accountability of public organisations in Wales, Public Policy and Administration, 16, p1-17.

Bogdanor, V., (2001), Devolution in the United Kingdom, Chapters 5 & 7, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bogdanor, V., (2009) Devolution. In The new British constitution, Chapter 4, [London: Hart].

Bradbury, J., Gay, O., Hazell, R. and Mitchell, J. (2003) Local representation in a devolved Scotland and Wales : guidance for constituency and regional members. Lessons from the First Term. (Policy Paper ; no.9). Birmingham: ESRC Devolution Programme.

Bradbury, J. (2008) Devolution in Wales: an unfolding process. In J. Bradbury, ed. Devolution, regionalism and regional development: the UK experience, Chapter 3. London: Routledge.

Chaney, P., (2001) New governance, new democracy? Post-devolution Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Cole, A., Jones, J. B. and Storer, A. (2003) Inside the National Assembly for Wales : the Welsh civil service under devolution, Political Quarterly, 74 (2), p223-232.

Cooke, P. & Clifton, N., (2005) The Welsh Assembly and economic governance in Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales.

Crompton, Adrian, (2009) Infant parliament. Agenda, Winter 2009, p24-26.

Davies, Ron, (1999) Devolution: a process not an event. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Deacon, R. & Sandry, A., (2007) Devolution in the United Kingdom. Edinburgh: University Press.

Devolution: a decade on: Government response 2009 Cm 7687

George, A. and Crompton, A. (2004) Wales' National Assembly : analysing the progress of a first legislature, Parliamentarian, 85 (3), p242-245.

Hannan, P. (2009), A useful fiction: adventures in British democracy. Bridgend: Seren.

Hazell, R. and Trench, A. (eds.), (2005) The state of the nation 2000-2005. London: UCL.

House of Commons Library, (2013) Political developments in Wales to December 2012, London: House of Commons.

Osmond, J., (2003) From corporate body to virtual parliament: the metamorphosis of the National Assembly for Wales. In R. Hazell (ed.) The state of the nations 2003 : the third year of devolution in the United Kingdom, Chapter 3. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Jenkins, S. (2003) Welsh devolution through London eyes. Transactions, Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 2003, p175-184.

Jones, R.W. (2007) Diogelu’r deyrnas, Barn, 537, p12-15.

Jones, R. W. and Scully, R., (2004) Devolution in Wales : what does the public think? (Devolution Briefings ; no.7). Birmingham: ESRC Devolution Programme.

Jones, Richard Wyn & Scully, Roger, (2009) Welsh devolution: the end of the beginning and the beginning of..? In A. Trench (ed.), The state of the Nations 2008, Chapter 3. Exeter: Imprint.

Justice Committee, Devolution: a decade on, 24 May 2009, HC 435-1 & HC 435-II.

Korris, Matt, (2013) Assembly line?: the experiences and development of new Assembly Members (pdf) London: Hansard Society.

Melding, David, (2012) The reformed union: a British federation. Cardiff: IWA.

Melding, David (2010) Terrific twins of Welsh constitutional thought. Agenda, 42, p29.

Melding, David (2009), Will britain survive beyond 2020?. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Melding, David (2013), The reformed union: the UK as a federation, Cardiff: IWA.

Mitchell, J., (2009) Devolution is a process: Wales. In Devolution in the UK, Chapter 7, Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Morgan, K., Mungham, G., (2000) Redesigning democracy: the making of the Welsh Assembly. Cardiff: Seren.

Morgan, Kevin et al. (2009) Devolution dividend, Agenda, spring 2009, p10-15.

Morgan, R., (2000) Variable geometry UK. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Murphy, P., (2002) Devolution : the view from Whitehall and Torfaen. Annual St. David's Day Lecture, 11th March 2002. Cardiff: Welsh Governance Centre.

Nairn, T., (2006) Gordon Brown: bard of Britishness. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Osmond, J. and Jones, J. B., (2003) Birth of Welsh democracy: the first term of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Osmond, J., (2002) The future of Welsh devolution. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Perryman, Mark (ed.), (2009) Breaking up Britain: four nations after a union. London: Lawrence & Wishart.

Pilkington, C., (2002) Devolution in Britain today, ii (4), iii (7), London: Politico.

Price, Adam (2012) Why we need devolution in reverse. Agenda, 48, winter 2012. Cardiff: IWA.

Rawlings, R. (2005) Hastening slowly : the next phase of Welsh devolution, Public Law 2005, p824-852.

Rawlings, R. (2003) Towards a parliament : three faces of the National Assembly for Wales, Contemporary Wales, 15, p1.

Rawlings, R. (2003) Towards a parliament : three faces of the National Assembly for Wales, Contemporary Wales, 15, p1.

Royles, Elin (2005) Devolution in the UK and mobilizing democracy: civil society in post-devolution Wales, American Political Science Association, p1-22.

Royles, Elin (2005) Devolution in the UK and mobilizing democracy: civil society in post-devolution Wales, American Political Science Association, p1-22.

Tanburn, Sarah (2013), Wales, the United Kingdom and Europe: a conference report, [Cardiff]: British Academy, Learned Society of Wales.

Trench, A. (ed.), (2007) State of the nations 2007 : into the third term of devolution in the UK. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Osmond, J. (2005) Wales: towards 2007. In A. Trench, ed. The dynamics of devolution: the state of the nations 2005, Chapter 3. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Hunter, J. (2004) The politics of identity: Wales. In M. O’Neill, ed. Devolution and British Politics, Chapter 5. London: Longman.

Curtice, J. (2005) Public opinion and the future of devolution. In A. Trench ed. The dynamics of devolution: the state of the nations 2005, Chapter 6. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Osmond, J., (2004) Nation building and the Assembly: the emergence of a Welsh civic consciousness. In A. Trench, ed. Has devolution made a difference?: the state of the nations 2004, Chapter 3. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Osmond, J., (2004) Conclusion: the unfinished business of devolution: whither Wales. In A, Trench, ed. Has devolution made a difference?: the state of the nations 2004, Chapter 11. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Schumann, William R., (2009) Towards an anthropology of government: democratic transformation and nation building in Wales. Palgrave MacMillan: London.

Schumann, William R., (2009) Towards an anthropology of government: democratic transformation and nation building in Wales. Palgrave MacMillan: London.

Shipton, Martin (2011), Poor man's parliament: ten years of the Welsh Assembly. Bridgend: Seren.

Sullivan, M. and Clutton, S. (2005) The state of the nation or Welsh devolution comes of age: a reflective commentary on four devolution essays, Wales Journal of Law and Policy, 4 (1), p54-65.

Trench, Alan, (2008) Scotland and Wales: the evolution of devolution. In Robert Hazell (ed.), Constitutional futures revisited: Britain's constitution to 2020, Chapter 2. Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan.

Waters, L.(2006) A parliament by stealth? Planet, 175, p68-72.

Wilkins, Sian, (2008) Devolution in Wales: a process not an event. The Table: the journal of the Society of Clerks-at-the-table in Commonwealth Parliaments, 76, p44.

Wyn Jones, Richard, Lodge, Guy, (2012) The dog that finally barked: England as an emerging political community, London: IPPR.

 

Monitoring the Assembly

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2009) Wales devolution monitoring report. May 2009. London: UCL.

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.) (2009) Wales devolution monitoring report. January 2009. London: UCL

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2008) Wales devolution monitoring report: September 2008. London: UCL

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2008) Wales devolution monitoring report: May 2008. London: UCL

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2008) Wales devolution monitoring report: January 2008. London: UCL

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2007) Wales devolution monitoring report: September 2007. London: UCL

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2007) Wales devolution monitoring report: April 2007. London: UCL.

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2007) Wales devolution monitoring report: January 2007. London: UCL.

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2006) Wales devolution monitoring report: September 2006. London: UCL.

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2006) Wales devolution monitoring report: May 2006. London: UCL

Jones, R.W. & Scully, R. (eds.), (2006) Wales devolution monitoring report: January 2006. London: UCL.

David, R. & Morris, N., (2007) Thoughts turn to new powers: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales January-April 2007. Cardiff: IWA.

David, R. & Morris, N., (2006) Parties prepare for battle: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales August-December 2006. Cardiff: IWA.

David, R., (2006) New powers – new beginning?: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales May-July 2006. Cardiff: IWA.

David, R., (2006) Restructuring devolution: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales January-April 2006. Cardiff: IWA.

David, R., (2005) Consensus politics born of convenience: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales September-December 2005. Cardiff: IWA.

David, R., (2005) Minority government by selective co-operation: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales May-July 2005. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2005) Labour’s majority in doubt: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales December 2004-April 2005. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2004) Quango cull falters but continues: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales October-December 2004. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2004) Cull of the quangos: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales June-September 2004. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2004) Richard commission sets agenda: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales March-June 2004. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2004) End of the corporate body: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales December 2003-March 2004. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2003) Wales is waiting: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales September-December 2003. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2003) Wales unplugged: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales June-August 2003. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2003) Welsh labour takes control: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales March-June 2003. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2003) Dragon debates its future: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales December 2002 to March 2003. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2002) Dragon takes a different route: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales September to December 2002. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2002) A bilingual Wales: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales June to August 2002. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2002) Engaging with Europe: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales March to June 2002. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2002) Education policy breaks loose: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales December 2001 to March 2002. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2001) Coalition creaks over health: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales September to December 2001. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2001) A period of destabilisation: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales May to August 2001. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2001) Farming crisis consolidates the Assembly’s role: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales March to May 2001. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2001) The economy takes centre stage: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales December 2000 to March 2001. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2000) Coalition politics come to Wales: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales September to December 2000. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2000) Devolution looks ahead: monitoring the National Assembly for Wales May to August 2000. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2000) Devolution in transition: monitoring the National Assembly February to May 2000. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (2000) Devolution relaunched: monitoring the National Assembly December 1999 to March 2000. Cardiff: IWA.

Osmond, J., (1999) Devolution: a dynamic settled process? monitoring the National Assembly July to December 1999. Cardiff: IWA.

 

 

Public attitudes

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Bond, Ross, (2010) National identities and attitudes to constitutional change in post-devolution UK: a four territories comparison, Regional and Federal Studies, 20, 1 March 2010, p83-105.

Curtice, John & Seyd, Ben (eds.), (2009) Has devolution worked? The verdict from policy makers and the public. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Curtice, John (2010) Is an English backlash emerging? Reactions to devolution ten years on, [London]: Institute for Public Policy Research.

Electoral Commission, (2006) Wales - poll position: public attitudes towards Assembly elections. London: Electoral Commission.

Electoral Commission, (2002) Wales votes?: public attitudes towards Assembly elections: research report December 2002. London: Electoral Commission.

Gfk NOP (2009), Research to Support the Work of the All Wales Convention: summary of findings from initial stages of quantitative and exploratory qualitative research. Cardiff: Gfk NOP.

GfK NOP Social Research (2009), Research to Support the Work of the All Wales Convention: research report. Cardiff: Gfk NOP.

Jowell, R. et al., (1998) Scottish and Welsh Referendum Studies, 1997 [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: UK Data Archive [distributor].

Jones, R. Wyn et al., (2000) Welsh Assembly Election Study, 1999 [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: UK Data Archive [distributor].

Jones, R. Wyn, Heath, A., and National Centre for Social Research, (2004) Wales Life and Times Study (Welsh Assembly Election Study). Colchester, Essex: UK Data Archive [distributor].

Jones, R. Wyn and Phillips, M., (2007) Welsh Life and Times Study (Welsh Assembly Election Study), Colchester, Essex: UK Data Archive [distributor].

National Assembly for Wales, (2008) Public attitudes 2008. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.

Scully, Roger (2010) Double coalition land. Agenda, 41, p17-18.

 

   

Assembly Procedure

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

National Assembly for Wales, (2011) Standing orders of the National Assembly for Wales (effective from 5 May 2011) (pdf)

National Assembly for Wales, (2008) Standing orders of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales. (pdf)

National Assembly for Wales, (2007) Presiding Officer's determination on proper form of proposed orders (pdf)

National Assembly for Wales, (2007) Presiding Officer's determination on proper form of proposed measures (pdf)

National Assembly for Wales, (2008) Presiding Officer's determination on proper form of amendments (pdf)

National Assembly for Wales Commission (2011) Legacy Report 2007 - 2011. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales Commission. (pdf)

National Assembly for Wales Business Committee, (2011) Review of standing orders in preparation for the Fourth Assembly: March 2011. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales. (pdf)

National Assembly for Wales Research Service, (2012) The appointment of the permanent secretary to the Welsh Government. Cardiff: Research Service.

Remuneration Board of the National Assembly for Wales, (2011) Fit for purpose: report of the Remuneration Board of the National Assembly for Wales: March 2011. Cardiff: Remuneration Board. (pdf)

Remuneration Board of the National Assembly for Wales, (2011) Office holder remuneration: July 2011. Cardiff: Remuneration Board.

Remuneration Board of the National Assembly for Wales, (2011) Annual report 2010-11, Cardiff: Remuneration Board.

 

 

Equality and Diversity

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Chaney, Paul (2009) Equal opportunities and human rights: the first decade of devolution in Wales. Cardiff: EHRC. (pdf)

Chaney, P. (2004) The post-devolution equality agenda: the case of the Welsh Assembly's statutory duty to promote equality of opportunity, Policy and Politics, 32 (1), p63-78.

Chaney, P. (2004) Women and constitutional change in Wales, Regional and Federal Studies, 14 (2), p281-303.

Chaney, P. (2008) Devolved governance and the substantive representation of women: the second term of the National Assembly for Wales, Parliamentary Affairs, 2008, p272-290.

Chaney, P. and Drakeford, M. (2004) The primacy of ideology: social policy and the first term of the National Assembly for Wales. Social Policy Review, (16), p121-142.

Chaney, P. and Fevre, R. (2004) 'An absolute duty' : an evaluation of the first five years of the Welsh Assembly's statutory equality duty. Wales Journal of Law and Policy, 3 (2), p135-156.

Chaney, P. (2006) Critical mass, deliberation and the substantive representation of women: evidence from the UK's devolution programme, Political Studies, 54 (4), p691-714.

Dionne, Anna Manasco, (2010) Wales. In A. Dionne (ed.), Women men and the representation of women in the British parliaments: magic numbers?, Chapter 5. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Economic and Social Research Council, Swansea University & Warwick University, (2009) Gender and political processes in the context of devolution: research findings. Swansea: Swansea University.

Edwards, J. (2004) Mainstreaming equality in Wales : the case of the National Assembly building, Policy and Politics, 32 (1), p33-48.

Edwards, J. and Chapman, C. (2000) Women’s Political Representation in Wales: Waving or Drowning?, Contemporary Politics, 6 (4).

Edwards, J. and Chapman, C. (2003) Recent research, Contempoary Politics, 9 (4), p397-414.

Fevre, R. and Chaney, P., (2003) Devolution and participation in Wales : Ron Davies and the cultivation of inclusiveness. (Working Paper series ; 8). Cardiff: Cardiff University School of Social Sciences.

Fox, Ruth (2011) Women at the top: politics and public life in the UK [London: Hansard Society].

Fox, Ruth (2011) Boom and bust: in women's representation: lessons to be learnt from a decade of devolution. [Lodon: Hansard Society].

MacKay, F. (2004) Women's representation in Wales and Scotland, Contemporary Wales, 2004, p140-161.

McAllister, L. (2001) Gender nation and party: an uneasy alliance for Welsh nationalism?, Women's History Review, 10 (1), p51-69.

McAllister, L. and Edwards, J. (2002) One step forward, two step back: women in the two main political parties in Wales, Parliamentary Affairs, 55 (1), p.154-166.

McMillan, Joyce & Fox, Ruth (2010) Has devolution delivered for women? [London]: Hansard Society.

Osmond, John, (2009) Critical mass: the impact and future of female representation in the National Assembly for Wales, Cardiff: IWA.

Russell, M., McAllister, L. and MacKay, F. (2002) Women's representation in the Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales : party dynamics for achieving critical mass, Journal of Legislative Studies, 8, p849-76.

 

 

Scrutiny and Committees

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Bochel, Catherine (2012), Petitions: different dimensions of voice and influence in the Scottish Parliament and the National Assembly for Wales, Social Policy and Administration, 46 (2), April 2012, p142.

Cole, M., McAllister, L. and Stirbu, D., (2014) The capacity of the National Assembly for Wales, Cardiff: UK's Changing Union.

Cole, M. (2006) Asymmetrical public accountability: the National Assembly for Wales, questions and quangos, Political Quarterly, 77 (1), p98-106.

Hollingsworth, K. (2000) The regional committees of the National Assembly for Wales : searching for a role?, Wales Law Journal, 1, p372-386.

Jones, J. Barry & Osmond, John, (eds.), (2001) Inclusive government and party management: the National Assembly for Wales and the work of its Committees. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

McAllister, L. and Stirbu, D. (2007) Developing devolution's scrutiny potential : a comparative evaluation for the National Assembly for Wales's Subject Committees, Policy and Politics, 35 (2), p289-310.

Sandford, M. and Maer, L., (2004) Effective scrutiny in the devolved institutions. (Briefing ; no.6). Birmingham: ESRC Devolution Programme.

Schuman, William R., (2007) Transparency, governmentality, and negation: democratic practice and open government policy in the National Assembly for Wales, Anthropological Quarterly, 80 (3), p837-862.

Thomas, Alys, (2009) Parliamentary officers in Wales: evolving roles. In Oonagh Gay & Barry K. Winetrobe (ed.), Parliament's watchdogs: at the crossroads, Chapter 4. London: UCL.

 

The Senedd

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

National Audit Office Wales, (2002), The National Assembly’s new building: update report. Cardiff: National Audit Office Wales.

Clancy, Claire, (2009) Wales' paperless parliament, The Parliamentarian, (2) 2009, p156.

National Assembly for Wales, (2008), The Senedd: Audit Commmittee report AC (3) 11-08. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.

Wales Audit Office, (2008) The Senedd. Cardiff: Wales Audit Office.

Top

Law

Even before 2007, Welsh law was becoming increasingly distinctive in certain areas. Since May 2007 the Assembly is able to pass Measures, which are comparable to primary legislation. The publications below trace the development of Welsh law since 1999.

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Beasley, S. (2003) The National Assembly - "a voice for Wales"? Statute Law Review, 24, p211-236.

Lord Carlile of Berriew (2002) The evolution of devolution, Wales Law Journal, 2, p86-93.

Bush, K. (2006) Wales measures up : reforms to the structure and powers of the Welsh Assembly will have a beneficial effect on the law in Wales, New Law Journal, 156 (7229), p978-979.

Bush, K. (2004) New approaches to UK legislative drafting: the Welsh perspective, Statute Law Review, 25 (2), p144-150.

Bush, Keith (2012) A tale of two cities: legislating for Member remuneration at Cardiff Bay and Westminster. Statute Law Review, 33 (2), p141.

Bush, K. (2004) The Planning and Compulsory Purchases Act 2004 - a case study in post devolution primary legislation in Wales, Wales Journal of Law and Policy, 3 (2), p238-250.

Bush, K. (2003) Legal Wales, Agenda, Winter 2003, p35-36.

Cabinet Office, (2012) Devolution guidance note 17: modifying the legislative competence of the National Assembly for Wales. London: HMSO.

Davies, Iwan (2010) Legislating between equals. Agenda, 41, p22-25.

Editorial (1999) Bilingualism in legislation, Statute Law Review, 20 (2), p105.

Ellis, T. (2007) The law: wise or otherwise, Planet, 181, p34-39.

Greenberg, Daniel (2013) Welsh devolution, Legal Information Management, 13, p134-138.

Griffiths, Sue & Evans, Paul, (2012) Constitution by committee? Legislative Competence Orders under the Government of Wales Act (2007-2011), Parliamentary Affairs (2011), p1-31.

Hill, Daran, Edwards, Huw and Jeffes, Leigh (2008) The evolution of devolution: reflections on the operation of our legislative system. Tredegar: Bevan Foundation. (pdf, 1MB)

Holtham, Gerald (2010) Five fallacies of devolution. Agenda, 42, p24-26.

House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution, Second report of session 2007-08: scrutiny of Welsh legislative competence orders, 4 December 2007, HLP 17 07-08. London: TSO. (pdf)

Hughes, Dylan & Davies, Huw G. (2012) Accessible bilingual legislation for Wales. Statute Law Review, 33 (2), p103.

Hunt, J., (2010) Devolution and differentiation: regional variation in EU Law, Legal Studies ,30, 421-441

Institute of Welsh Affairs, (2009) Putting Wales in the driving seat: legislative opportunities for the National Assembly as a result of implementing part 4 of the 2006 Wales act. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Jones, T. H. and Williams, J. M. (2004) Cymru fel awdurdodaeth, Wales Journal of Law and Policy, 4 (1), p33-53. English translation available [2004] Public Law, p78-101.

Jones, T. H. and Williams, J. M. (2005) The legislative future of Wales, Modern Law Review, 68 (4), p642-653.

Jones, T. H. and Williams, J. M. (2004) Wales as a jurisdiction, Public Law, 2004, p78-101.

Jones, T. H., Turnbull, J. H. and Williams, J. M. (2004) The law of Wales or the law of England and Wales?, Statute Law Review, 26 (3), p135-145.

Jones, T. H. (2003) The new Supreme Court : a Welsh perspective, Wales Law Journal, 2, p369-373.

Jones, Timothy H. (2012) Wales, Devolution and Sovereignty. Statute Law Review, 33 (2), p151.

Jones, R.W. (2006) Dadansoddi’r ddeddf, Barn, 526, p9-12.

Lambert, D. (2002) Law making in Wales: legislation on-line, Public Law, p663-669.

Lambert, D., (2002) Statutory functions : the complications of executive devolution. Paper presented at the seminar 'Constitutional dilemma: decentralisation, devolution and federalism', 29th April 2002. Cardiff: Welsh Governance Centre.

Lewis, Emyr (2011) The power of law. Bevan Foundation Review, 17, p8-9.

Lewis, G. (2007) The Government of Wales Act 2006, Judicial Review, 12 (3), p139-144.

Lloyd, Dai (2011) On its own two feet. Bevan Foundation Review, 16, p4-5.

Memorandum to Welsh Affairs Committee post-legislative assessment of the Government of Wales Act 2006 Cm 8256.

Ministry of Justice, (2007) Devolution guidance note 9: Post-devolution primary legislation affecting Wales. London: Ministry of Justice.

National Assembly for Wales Committee on the Government of Wales Bill, (2006) Report of the Committee on the Government of Wales Bill: March 2006. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.

National Assembly for Wales Constitutional Affairs Committee, (2011) Inquiry into the drafting of Welsh Government Measures: lessons from the first three years. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.

National Assembly for Wales Constitutional and Legislative Affairs Committee, (2012) Inquiry into a separate Welsh jurisdiction: report. Cardiff: NAW.

National Assembly for Wales Research Service, (2012) Quick guide: Reconsideration of Assembly Bills passed. Cardiff: Research Service.

Navarro, Marie (2014) Legislating for Wales 2013: law making for Wales reaches full speed. Contemporary Wales, 27 (1), p195-240.

Navarro, Marie (2011) Legislating for Wales 2010-11. Contemporary Wales, 24(1) Winter 2011, p192-211.

Navarro, Marie and Lambert, David, (2009) Legislative fog. Agenda, winter 2009, p26-28.

Navarro, Marie and Lambert, David, (2009) Bypassing the Assembly, Agenda, spring 2009, p34-36.

Navarro, M. (2005) Devolution in Wales : its effect on subordinate legislation, Wales Journal of Law and Policy,4 (2), p260-283.

Navarro, M. and Lambert, D. (2007) Some effects of the Government of Wales Act 2006, Contemporary Wales, 20 (1), p13-30.

Navarro, Marie (2012) A substantial body of different Welsh law: a consideration of Welsh subordinate legislation. Statute Law Review, 33 (2), p163.

Navarro, M. and Lambert, D. (2005) The nature and scope of the legislative powers of the National Assembly for Wales. (Devolution Briefings ; no.13). Birmingham: ESRC Devolution Programme.

Osmond, J., (2008) Assembly to Senedd: the convention and the move towards legislative powers. Cardiff: IWA

Patchett, K. (2007) Welsh law, Agenda, Winter 2007-08, p22-24.

Patchett, K., (2005) Principle or pragmatism?: legislating for Wales by Westminster and Whitehall. In R. Hazell and R. Rawlings (eds.) Devolution, law making and the constitution, Chapter 4. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Percival, Richard (2010) Reforming Welsh law. Agenda, 42, p41-42.

Rawlings, R., (2005) Law making in a virtual parliament: the Welsh experience. In R. Hazell and R. Rawlings (eds.) Devolution, law making and the constitution, Chapter 3. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Rawlings, R., (2003) Delineating Wales : constitutional, legal and administrative aspects of national devolution. (Politics and Society in Wales). Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Rawlings, R. (1998) The new model Wales, Journal of Law and Society, 25 (4), p461-509.

Rawlings, R. (2003) Of primary powers, etc. Two schemes of legislative (and executive) devolution, Wales Law Journal, 2, p408-424.

Reyes, Eduardo (2013) West wing. Law Society Gazette, May 2013, p16.

Roddick, W. (2006) The implications of the Government's White Paper 'Better Governance for Wales' on the development of legal Wales. Wales Journal of Law and Policy, 4 (3), p315-320.

Roddick, W. (2003) Law-making and devolution: the Welsh experience, Legal Information Management, 3, p152-157.

Roddick, W. (2002) Creating legal Wales, Agenda, Spring 2002, p37-39.

Roddick, W. (2002) Doing business with the Assembly : defining the parameters and utilising the opportunities, Wales Law Journal, 1, p305-312.

Samuels, Alec (2012) Adressing the statute. Statute Law Review, 33 (2), p163.

Sherlock, Ann (2004) Wales: reviewing the Welsh devolution settlement, European Public Law, 10 (2), p237-244.

Sherlock, Ann (2002) Government in Wales and the development of a new legal system within a system, European Public Law, 8, p16-23.

Sherlock, Ann (2011) Devolution in transition in Wales. European Public Law, 17 (1) 2011, p25-34.

Stevenson, Lillian (2013) An emerging Welsh legal identity: a brief overview of the information landscape, Legal Information Management, 13, p156-161.

The Government of Wales Act 1998 (chapter 38)

The Government of Wales Act 2006 (chapter 32)

Trench, A. (2006) The Government of Wales Act 2006: the next steps on devolution for Wales, Public Law, 2006, p687-696.

Turnbull, J. (2004) Primary legislation for Wales in 2003, Wales Journal of Law and Policy, 3, p105-112.

Watkins, T., (2007) The legal history of Wales, Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Williams, John (2010) The emerging need for a Welsh jurisdiction. Agenda, 42, p38-40.

Williams, J. (2004) Law making for Wales after the Richard Commission, Wales Journal of Law and Policy, 3 (2), p251-260.

Top

Inter-governmental relations

Multi-level governance means that there is dialogue between political actors at the different levels. The publications below show how, since devolution, the Assembly has engaged with Westminster, local government and Europe.

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Andrews, R. (2003) Building a civic culture : institutional change, policy development and political dynamics in the National Assembly for Wales, Local Government Studies, 29, p129-130.

Aughey, Arthur; Bort, Eberhard and Osmond, John (2011) Unique paths to devolution: Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Cardiff: IWA.

Belzak, S. & Deacon, R.M., (2002) Welsh devolution and grassroots democracy: a study of the initial effects of political and economic devolution on community and town councils in South Wales. Cardiff: UWIC Business School.

Birrell, Derek, (2012) Comparing devolved governance. London: Palgrave MacMillan.

Bowers, Paul, (2011) The West Lothian question: Commons Library Standard Note, London: House of Commons.

Boyne, G.A., Midwinter, A.F. & Walker, R.M., (2005) Devolution and regulation: political control of public agencies in Scotland and Wales. Swindon: ESRC.

Bradbury, J., (2005) Union and devolution: territorial politics in the United Kingdom under Thatcher and Blair, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bradbury, J. and Russell, M., (2005) Learning to live with pluralism? Constituency and regional members and local representation in Scotland and Wales. (Devolution Briefings ; no.28). Birmingham: ESRC Devolution Programme.

Bradbury, J. and Russell, M., (2005) The local work of Scottish MPs and MSPs : effects of non-coterminous boundaries and AMs. London: The Constitution Unit.

Carter, Caitriona A. (2008) Identifying causality in public institutional change: the adaptation of the National Assembly for Wales to the European Union, Public Administration, 86 (2), p345-361.

Davies, Iwan (2010) Legislating between equals. Agenda, 41, p22-25.

Dickson, Francesa, (2011) Assembly denies international role. Agenda, Winter 2011, p.41.

Elis-Thomas, D.(2004) Cross-border obfuscation, Agenda: the Journal of the Institute of Welsh Affairs, Summer 2004, p37-39.

Fofie, Felicia Owusu and Bettinson, Chris, (2007) The National Assembly for Wales and local government: partners together or a recipe for conflictual governance? Midwestern Political Science Association Conference Papers 2007, p1-25.

Gay, Oonagh et al., (2003) An introduction to devolution in the UK. London: House of Commons Library.

Hazell, R. (2010) The Conservative-Liberal Democrat agenda for constitutional and political reform. London: UCL.

Hazell, R., (2001) Three into one won't go: the future of the territorial secretaries of state. London: UCL.

Huggins, R., Morgan, K., and Rees, G., (2001) Devolution and development: the Welsh Assembly and the governance of regional economic policy. Cardiff: Welsh Governance Centre.

Jeffery, C. (2006) Devolution and local government, Publius, 36 (1), p57-73.

Jenkins, S., (2004) Welsh devolution through London eyes. Aberystwyth: Institute of Welsh Politics, 2004.

Kenealy, Daniel (2012) Concordats and international relations: binding in honour only?, Regional and Federal Studies, 22 (1), March 2012, p61-86.

Laffin, M. (2001) Beyond Westminster: the new machinery of subnational government, Public Money and Management, 21 (2), p3.

Laffin, M., Thomas, A. and Webb, A. (2000) Integovernmental relations after devolution: the National Assembly for Wales, Political Quarterly, 71 (2), p223.

Laffin, M. and Thomas, A. (2000) The United Kingdom: federalism in denial? Publius, 29 (3), 18p.

Laffin, M. and Thomas, A. (2001) New ways of working: political-official relations in the National Assembly for Wales, Public Money and Management, 21 (2), p45.

Laffin, M., Taylor G. and Thomas. A., (2002) A new partnership? : the National Assembly for Wales and local government. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Lodge, Guy, Schmuecker, Katie and Coutts, Adam (eds.) (2010) Devolution in practice 2010: public policy differences in the UK. [Newcastle]: Institute of Public Policy Research.

Lundberg, T. C. (2006) Competition between Members of the Scottish Parliament and the Welsh Assembly: problem or virtue? Political Quarterly, 77 (1), p107-116.

Memorandum of understanding between the United Kingdom Government Scottish Ministers, the Cabinet of the National Assembly for Wales and the Northern Ireland Executive Committee 2001 Cm 5240

Devolution: memorandum of understanding and supplementary agreements between the United Kingdom Government, Scottish Ministers, the Welsh Ministers and the Northern Ireland Executive Committee 2010 Cm 7864

Ministry of Justice, (2006) Devolution guidance note 4: the role of the Secretary of State for Wales. (pdf)

Ministry of Justice, (2007) Devolution guidance note 9: post-devolution primary legislation affecting Wales. (pdf)

MInistry of Justice, (2008) Devolution guidance note 16: Orders in Council under section 95 of the Government of Wales Act 2006. (pdf)

Moore, C. (2006) Conflicts in representing the regions in Brussels: the case of Wales, Regional Studies, 40 (7), p793-799

National Assembly for Wales Research Service, (2012) Quick guide: the Secretary of State for Wales. Cardiff: NAW Research Service.

Parry, Richard (2012) The civil service and intergovernmental relations in the post-devolution UK. British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 14, p285.

Patchett, K., (2002) Developing a partnership approach to primary legislation between Westminster and the National Assembly : IWA submission to the Welsh Affairs Committee Inquiry into the legislative process as it affects Wales. (IWA Discussion Paper No.17). Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs.

Paun, A., Munro, R., Randall, J. and Shaddock, L., (2014) Governing after the referendum: future constitutional scenarios for Scotland and the UK, London: Institute for Government.

Paun, Akash, (2009) Lost souls in the lobbies? Backbenchers from Scotland and Wales in post-devolution Westminster. In A. Trench (ed.) The state of the Nations 2008, Chapter 8. Exeter: Imprint.

Roberts, Owain, (2012) Towards a UK Constitutional Convention? Cardiff: NAW Research Service.

Roberts, Owain, (2013) Wales and the Scottish Independence Referendum. Cardiff: NAW Research Service.

Russell, M. and Bradbury, J. (2007) The constituency work of Scottish and Welsh MPs : adjusting to devolution, Regional and Federal Studies, 17 (1), p97-116.

Smith, Owen (2011) Musings of a modern roundhead. Bevan Foundation Review, 16, p8-9.

Tanburn, Sarah (2013), Wales, the United Kingdom and Europe: a conference report, [Cardiff]: British Academy, Learned Society of Wales.

Thomas, Alys, (2012) The Joint Ministerial Council: quick guide, Cardiff: NAW Research Service.

Thomas, Alys, (2012) The British-Irish Council: quick guide, Cardiff: NAW Research Service.

Thomas, Lord Justice John (2010) Our changing governance, Cardiff: Wales Governance Centre.

Trench, Alan (2009) Opening doors: devolution in Wales and the Scottish Parliament. In C. Jeffery and J. Mitchell (eds.) The Scottish Parliament 1999-2009: the first decade. Edinburgh: Hansard Society.

Trench, A., (2007) Devolution in practice? Scottish and Welsh Devolution and the Westminster Statute Book. London: Constitution Unit.

Trench, A., (2007) Old wine in new bottles? Wales-Whitehall relations after the Government of Wales Act 2006. London: The Constitution Unit.

Trench, Alan, (2008) Tying the UK together? intergovernmental relations and the financial constitution of the UK. In Robert Hazell (ed.), Constitutional futures revisited: Britain's constitution to 2020, Chapter 3. Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan.

Trench, Alan & Greer, Scott (2010) Intergovernmental relations and health in Great Britain after devolution. Policy and Politics, 38 (4), p509.

Whitaker, R. (2006) Ascendant assemblies in Britain? Rebellions, reforms and inter-cameral conflict, Parliamentary Affairs, 59 (1), p173-180.

Wyn Jones, Richard, Lodge, Guy, (2012) The dog that finally barked: England as an emerging political community, London: IPPR.

Wyn Jones, Richard (2012) Wales in the World: intergovernmental relations and sub-state diplomacy. British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 14, p250

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The Policy Context

Since 1999 there have been many publications which have analysed different aspects of policy outcomes in Wales. These are too numerous and diverse to be included here. The publications below, therefore, deal with broader observations on the policy process such as the Assembly’s engagement with civil society and policy divergence across the UK.

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Adams, J. and Schmuecker, K., (2005) Devolution in practice 2006 : public policy differences within the UK. London: Institute for Public Policy Research.

Adams, J. and Robinson, P., (2002) Devolution in practice : public policy differences within the United Kingdom. London: Institute for Public Policy Research.

Batterbury, S., (2006) Evaluating policy initiatives to enhance civil society. In G. Day et al, eds. Civil society in Wales: policy politics and people, Chapter 16. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Birrell, Derek, (2009) The impact of devolution on social policy. Bristol: Policy Press.

Bowen, Rachel (2011) The Welsh way for mental health. Bevan Foundation Review, 16, p19.

Bradbury, J. (2005) Devolution : between governance and territorial politics, Parliamentary Affairs, 58 (2), p287-302.

Carter, Joseph (2010) Back to the drawing board on social care. Agenda, 41, p.19-21.

Cole, M. (2006) Asymmetrical public accountability: the National Assembly for Wales, questions and quangos, Political Quarterly, 77 (1), p98-106.

Cole, Stuart, (2005), Devolved government and transport: relationships, process and policy, Public Money and Management, 25 (3), p179-185.

Connolly, M., Prosser, S., Hough, R. and Potter, K., (2006) Making it happen in public service: devolution in Wales as a case study. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Curtice, John & Seyd, Ben (eds.), (2009) Has devolution worked? The verdict from policy makers and the public. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Day, G. (2006) Chasing the dragon? Devolution and the ambiguities of civil society in Wales, Critical Social Policy, 26 (3), p642-655.

Egan, David (2011) Schools, education and devolution in Wales. Bevan Foundation Review, 16, p20-22.

Essex, Sue, (2004) Local authority finance and accounting in Wales, Public Money and Management, 24 (3), p132-134.

Hodgson, Lesley (2004) Civil society and consultation, Politics, 24 (2), p88-95.

Holden, Russell, (2011) Never forget you're Welsh: the role of sport as a political device in post-devolution Wales. Sport and Society, 14 (2), p272-288.

Institute of Welsh Affairs, (2006) Time to deliver: the third term and beyond: policy options for Wales. Cardiff: Institute for Welsh Affairs.

Jones, M. and Godwin, M., (2005) Devolution and economic governance. Basingstoke: Taylor & Francis Group.

Jones, M., Goodwin, M. and Jones, R. (2005) State modernization, devolution and economic governance : an introduction and guide to debate, Regional Studies, 39 (4), p397-404.

Jones, R... [et al.] (2005) 'Filling in the state' : economic governance and the evolution of devolution in Wales, Environment and Planning, 23 (3), p337-360.

Kay, A. (2005) Territorial justice and devolution, The British Journal of Politics & International Relations, 7 (4), p544-560.

Laffin, M. (2004) Is regional centralism inevitable? The case of the Welsh Assembly, Regional Studies, 38 (2), p213-223.

Lloyd, G. and Peel, D., (2008) Reconstructing regional development and planning in Scotland and Wales. In J. Bradbury, ed. Devolution, regionalism and regional development: the UK experience, Chapter 9. London: Routledge.

Loughlin, J. and Sykes, S., (2004) Devolution and policy-making in Wales : restructuring the system and reinforcing identity. (Policy Paper ; no.11). Birmingham: ESRC Devolution Programme.

McAllister, L., (2000) The new context for public policy-making: some lessons from the Eu structural funds in Wales, Public Policy and Administration, 15 (2), p.38-52.

Mitchell, J. and Bradbury, J. (2004) Devolution : comparative development and policy roles, Parliamentary Affairs, 57 (2),  p329-346.

Mitchell, J. (2006) Evolution and devolution: citizenship, institutions and public policy, Publius, 36 (1), p153-168.

Morgan, R. and Hain, P., (2007) Wales united: partnership for progress. Cardiff: Bevan Foundation.

National Assembly for Wales, (2000) Putting Wales first: a partnership for the people of Wales: the first partnership agreement of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.

Rees, Gareth (2007), The impacts of parliamentary devolution on education policy in Wales, The Welsh Journal of Education, 14, p8-20.

Royles, E. (2006) Civil society and the new democracy in post-devolution Wales - a case study of the EU structural funds, Regional and Federal Studies, 16 (2), p137-156.

Royles, E., (2007) Revitalising democracy?: Devolution and civil society in Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Seyd, B., (2004) Coalition Government in Scotland and Wales. London: Constitution Unit.

Storer, A., and Cole, A., (2002) An emerging policy community?: in and around the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: Cardiff University.

Tewdwr-Jones, M. (2001) Planning and the National Assembly for Wales: generating distinctiveness and inclusiveness in a new political context, European Planning Studies, 9 (4), p553-562.

Tewdwr-Jones, M. and Allmendinger, P., (eds.) (2006) Territory, identity and spatial planning: spatial governance in a fragmented nation. London: Routledge.

Thomas, A., Taylor, G., (2006) Political culture and civil society Wales. In G. Day et al, eds. Civil society in Wales: policy politics and people, Chapter 5. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

Trench, Alan & Greer, Scott (2010) Intergovernmental relations and health in Great Britain after devolution. Policy and Politics, 38 (4), p509.

Welsh Assembly Government, (2007) One Wales: a progressive agenda for the government of Wales. Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government.

Welsh Government, (2011) The programme for government. Cardiff: Welsh Government.

While, A. (2003) Devolution in practice: public policy differences within the UK, Regional Studies, 37, p872-873.

Winckler, Victoria (2011) Wales on the move: priorities for the next Assembly term. Bevan Foundation Review, 17, p2-3.

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Funding devolution

The publications below deal with the different aspects of how the Assembly and other devolved UK administrations have been funded since devolution.

Research Service | National Assembly for Wales

Baston, Lewis & ap Gareth, Owain Llyr (2010) 'Reduce and equalise' and the governance of Wales. [Cardiff]: Electoral Reform Society.

Bell, David (2010) Devolution in a downturn. [Newcastle]: Institute of Public Policy Research.

Bush, Keith (2012) A tale of two cities: legislating for Member remuneration at Cardiff Bay and Westminster. Statute Law Review, 33 (2), p141.

Commission on Devolution in Wales ('The Silk Commission') , (2012) Empowerement and responsibility: financial powers to strengthen Wales: full report (pdf) | executive summary (pdf) Cardiff: Commission on Devolution in Wales.

Economic and Social Research Council, (2004), The Richard Commission and the financing of devolved government: the economics of devolution in Wales. London: ESRC.

Gallagher, J. and Hinze, D., (2006) Financing the options for devolved government in the UK. Glasgow: University of Glasgow.

HM Treasury (2010) Funding the Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly Government and Northern Ireland Assembly: statement of funding policy. London: HM Treasury.

Holtham, Gerald (2010) Five fallacies of devolution. Agenda, 42, p24-26.

House of Commons Library, (2012) Holtham commission, London: House of Commons.

House of Lords Select Committee on the Barnett Formula: the Government's response 2009 Cm 7772

Independent Commission on Funding & Finance for Wales, (2009) Funding devolved government in Wales: Barnett & beyond: first report. Cardiff: ICFFW.

Independent Commission on Funding and Finance for Wales, (2009) Replacing Barnett with a needs-based formula: working paper. Cardiff: ICFFW.

Independent Commission on Funding and Finance for Wales (2010) Fairness and accountability: a new funding settlement for Wales: final report: July 2010. Cardiff: ICFFW.

John, Peter et al., (2011) The policy-opinion link and institutional change: the legislative agenda of the UK and Scottish Parliaments. Journal of European Public Policy, 18 (7), October 2011, p1052-1068.

MacKay, R. R. (2006) Identifying need : devolved spending in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Contemporary Wales, 18, p236-255.

McLean, Iain, Lodge, Guy and Schmuecker, Katie, (2008) Fair shares? Barnett and the politics of public expenditure. Newcastle: Institue of Public Policy Research.

Midwinter, A. (2006) The Barnett Formula and its critics revisited: evidence from the post-devolution period, Scottish Affairs, 55, p64-86.

National Assembly for Wales Independent Review Panel, (2009) Getting it right for Wales: an independent review of the current arrangements for the financial support of Assembly Members. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales.

H.M. Treasury, (2007) Funding the Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales and Northern Ireland Assembly: a statement of funding policy. London: TSO.

Remuneration Board of the National Assembly for Wales, (2011) Fit for purpose: report of the Remuneration Board of the National Assembly for Wales: March 2011. Cardiff: Remuneration Board. (pdf)

Remuneration Board of the National Assembly for Wales, (2011) Office holder remuneration: July 2011. Cardiff: Remuneration Board.

Remuneration Board of the National Assembly for Wales, (2011) Annual report 2010-11, Cardiff: Remuneration Board.

Roberts, Owain (2011) The road to the Independent Commission on devolution in Wales: September 2011. Cardiff: Research Service.

Roy, Dr. Eleanor (2011) The Barnett Formula and the changing face of devolution funding. Cardiff: National Assembly for Wales. (pdf)

Select Committee on the Barnett Formula, The Barnett Formula, 17 July 2009, HL 139 (pdf)

Shortridge, Sir John (2010) New development: the evolution of Welsh devolution, Public money and management, 30, 2, p87-90.

Thomas, Alys Dr. (2011) The Silk Commission. Cardiff: Research Service.

Trench, Alan, (2010) The options for devolution finance: the choices for the new government. Political Quarterly, 81 (4), p571-582.

Trench, Alan (2010) Wales and the Westminster model, Parliamentary Affairs, 63, 1, p117-133.

Trench, Alan, (2008) Tying the UK together? intergovernmental relations and the financial constitution of the UK. In Robert Hazell (ed.), Constitutional futures revisited: Britain's constitution to 2020, Chapter 3. Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan.

Trench, Alan, (2013) Funding devo more: fiscal options for strengthening the union (pdf) London: IPPR

Wales Office & HM Treasury, (2013) Empowerment and responsibility: devolving financial powers to Wales. London: TSO.

Welsh Government (2014) White Paper: Collection and management of devolved taxes in Wales.

 

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